Best Investment Plan for Senior Citizens in India

calendarMay 31, 2024
Best Investment Plan for Senior Citizens in India

As a person progresses towards the golden years of their lives, it is important to ensure a financially secure future. Senior Citizens in India often face many unique challenges after coming into retirement with regard to managing investments. Senior citizens have a fixed income and low-risk appetite, and therefore, it is crucial to generate steady returns and preserve their hard-earned capital. Choosing a suitable investment plan for senior citizens can be challenging after bidding farewell to their working years. It is essential for senior citizens to choose an investment plan that could provide both a regular source of income and wealth collection over time.

In this article, we will look at a few investment plans that can be explored by senior citizens and determine the best investment plans for senior citizens in India, tailored to meet their specific needs and goals and offer both financial security and peace of mind.

Factors to Consider for Senior Citizens Before Investing:

  1. Risk Tolerance: Senior citizens have very low-risk tolerance due to their limited earning potential and short investment span. A person of 60+ years of age would not consider high-risk investment schemes and would prefer to go for low-risk investment options that could produce stable returns.
  2. Liquidity: Senior citizens should consider investments that provide easy liquidity. They should be able to meet their immediate financial needs or unexpected expenses. For example, the scheme should be liquid enough to fulfil their medical emergency and provide them access to funds.
  3. Inflation Protection: Over time, inflation reduces the purchasing power of your fixed income. It is important for senior citizens to choose an investment plan that could provide higher returns than the inflation rate or has built-in inflation protection features. This will help the savings maintain their real value.
  4. Tax Efficiency: Senior citizens often enjoy tax benefits on certain investment schemes and plans. This would help them maximise their overall returns when they cash out their investments and would also preserve their hard-earned savings.
  5. Income Requirement: Senior citizens often need a steady flow of money to cover their daily expenses like food, bills, and medical expenses. Investment plans should be such that they can generate a steady income through interest, dividends or withdrawals. This income stream can help meet your regular expenses without touching your initial investment amount.

Best Investment Plans for Senior Citizens:

India has several lucrative investment plans for Senior Citizens. These plans are simple and efficient and cater to the needs of Senior Citizens. Let's analyse a few investment plans for Senior Citizens in India:

  1. Senior Citizens Saving Scheme (SCSS):

The Senior Citizens Saving Scheme (SCSS) is a government-backed investment scheme that is highly popular among senior citizens in India. The investments through this scheme offer a fixed high safety return on investment, which makes it a desirable choice for people looking for a reliable source of income in retirement.

The SCSS Scheme is eligible for those who are above 60 years of age and offers full debt investment instruments with zero risks. The SCSS scheme offers a quarterly interest of 8.2%, which is reviewed every quarter.  This rate offers protection against inflation in addition to being greater than what the majority of banks give on fixed deposits.

A very interesting feature of SCSS is the tenure flexibility it provides. The scheme has an initial tenure of 5 years, which is extendable up to 3 years, giving senior citizens the opportunity to continue earning a fixed return on their investments for an extended period.

Senior citizens can feel even more secure and at ease knowing that their investments under the SCSS are supported by the government. It should be noted before investing in SCSS that the interest earned on these deposits is taxable, but senior citizens can claim deductions and exemptions under the Income Tax Act.

  1. Bank Fixed Deposits:

Even though banks' fixed deposits (FDs) might seem like a conventional investment plan, they are still among the best investment options for senior citizens in India due to their reliability. Even though FDs have a modest rate of return on investment, they are extremely safe investment solutions that guarantee returns and protect deposited funds. Certain banks like HDFC Bank, SBI, and others also provide higher interest rates on investments, particularly to senior citizens. This special rate can help boost your earnings and create a regular income stream during your retirement years.

For instance, SBI offers an additional 0.5% interest rate for senior citizens on their FD schemes, while ICICI Bank provides a 0.30% higher rate. Senior citizens who don't want to take on too much risk may find FDs to be an attractive investment because of their higher interest rates and the security they provide.

Additionally, FDs are quite liquid, so you can access your money whenever you need to, subject to certain. This liquidity would prove invaluable for meeting unexpected expenses like medical emergencies, which are common in old age.



  1. Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (POMIS)

The Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (POMIS) is one of the best monthly investments for senior citizens in India looking to generate a regular monthly income stream during their retirement years. This scheme is offered by the Indian Post Office and allows you to invest a lump sum amount and receive a fixed interest payment every month.

Under this scheme, senior citizens can earn a lucrative interest rate of 7.4% per year. This interest is paid out in the form of a monthly income, providing a steady flow of funds to cover regular expenses like groceries, utilities, and other daily needs.

Since POMIS is a government-backed security system, it is highly safe and secure. The minimum investment amount is Rs 1500, making it an exciting option for even those who do not have a very high amount of money to invest. The scheme allows for early withdraws of investment before the maturity period of 5 years in case you have any financial or medical emergency. However, such an option is available only after one year has been completed.

  1. Mutual Funds:

Mutual funds are another option for senior citizens to invest their hard-earned money. It is a balanced type of investment option with both safe risk and safe returns. Mutual funds pool money from several investors and invest it in various assets like government bonds, equity instruments, and other debt instruments.

Mutual funds that majorly invest in debt funds provide a steady stream of income through regular interest payments from bonds and other debt instruments. Even though these funds are low-risk funds as compared to equity funds, they still carry some form of risk. Hence, it is advised that post-retirement senior citizens should invest in debt mutual funds or hybrid mutual funds. These Mutual Funds diversify investments over various fixed-income securities that provide security along with a high rate of interest.

When these mutual funds are redeemed, the returns are liable to capital gains tax as per the relevant rules and regulations. It's important to carefully review the fund's objective, risk profile, and past performance before investing. Senior citizens should check their specific investment goals and risk tolerance ability before investing in Mutual Funds.


Indians have an average life expectancy of 70.8 years, and hence, it becomes very important for senior citizens to properly plan investment options so that they can enjoy a comfortable life post-retirement. Senior citizens in India have many rewarding investment schemes and plans as of now, which makes it even more difficult to choose just one scheme or plan to invest. It is important to choose an investment scheme which fits your risk tolerance and fulfills your individual financial goals. All the schemes and plans discussed above are beneficial for investment and offer an almost guaranteed return on investment. Senior citizens should not pool all their funds in just one scheme or option. Instead, they should invest in a mixed portfolio. A portfolio of POMIS, which would provide monthly returns for handling daily expenses, along with either Mutual funds or SCSS as per your risk tolerance, could be a wise investment plan for Senior Citizens in India.